Team Building: The Effects of Personality Types on Company Performance
There are so many different types of people that make up a team! Some people are better-suited to being leaders, while others make better communicators, followers, creators, and planners.
Finding the right team personality types is important if you are trying to bring a team together. It’s all about smart team building personality types, putting the right types of people in a room and giving them the tools they need to get the job done.
But what are the personality types? How can you know what type of people to put together, and which to put on their own? Understanding the various personality types is the best way to know how to build an effective team!
What Makes an Effective Team?
Do you know what makes your team truly effective? What skills, talents, and traits does a team need in order to succeed? Here are the elements we at Eventwise believe are most important for a successful team:
Someone MUST be in charge, or else the team will fall apart. A strong leader is someone who can wrangle all the different personality types into one cohesive unit.
Unless everyone can work together, the team is guaranteed to fail. Teamwork keeps people moving forward through personality dissimilarities, conflicts, and setback. It also ensures that everyone does their part to complete the project.
If no one knows what they’re doing, the project is doomed. The team members must have enough collective expertise to navigate the challenges they will face over the course of their project.
You can’t tell a team “build a car” and expect that they’ll do it! If they don’t have the knowhow, the enterprise will fail. You need to find people with knowledge and skill, or at least enough to get the project started. Further research will always be needed to complete the project, but you need a team with at least enough knowledge to know what they’re doing.
Without a concrete plan, the team is going to end up spinning their wheels, and the project will go nowhere. A plan breaks down the long-term objectives into short-term goals, all of which can be accomplished with daily, weekly, and monthly actions.
Someone has to be able to think outside the box! There is always a logical solution to every problem, but sometimes the best solution is one no logical person would conceive of. Creativity is the spice that gives your project that extra “zing”.
If your team can’t communicate properly, they’re going to fall apart before they’ve truly begun. Communication helps to keep everyone on the same page, moving things forward despite any obstacles.
With these seven elements, your team has the best chance for success. But remember: not everyone has to have all of these elements. While it’s always good to have a lot of creative, knowledgeable experts, you only need one leader and one game plan to succeed!
Here at Eventwise, we have found that putting together the most effective team is all about balancing the various personality types to build the most well-rounded group of individuals possible. To know who to put together, it’s important to understand the various personality types.
The Personality Type Tests
Want to know what type of people to work with? There are two popular tests used to determine the personality types of your team members:
1. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
2. Big Five personality traits/Five Factor Model
Both of these personality tests will help you to know what type of people your team members are. If you want to put together the most effective team possible, it’s a good idea to have potential candidates take these two tests.
It will tell you what type of personality they have, giving you an idea who they work best with.
Big Five Personality Traits
Also known as the Five Factor Model, the Big Five is actually a list of the five dimensions that describe the psyche and personality of each person.
The five factors are:
Openness to experience
This involves an appreciation for all types of experience: artistic, emotional, adventurous, etc. The more open you are to experience, the greater intellectual curiosity and creativity you have. You like the new and varied.
- High: Rich vocabulary, vivid imagination, desire for thrills, unique ideas, quick to understand new concepts.
- Low: lack imagination, have difficulty with abstract ideas, do not appreciate new experiences.
This involves self-discipline, dutiful actions, and a desire to achieve beyond outside expectations and measures. The more conscientious you are, the more control you have over your desires and impulses.
- High: prepared, attentive to details, ordered and neat, follows a schedule well, exacting in work, accomplishes important tasks first.
- Low: messy, uncaring for belongings, shirks duties, forgetful, tends to ignore important tasks in favor of more enjoyable ones.
This involves a wider breadth of activities, positive emotional reaction to external situations and activities, and a greater creation of energy from external means. More extraverted people are highly engaged with the outside world, and thrive on interactions with others.
- High: life of the party, center of attention, good with people, starts conversations, interacts easily with a wide range of people
- Low: quiet, reserved, prefers to remain silent around others, uncomfortable in large crowds.
This involves kindness, generosity, a tendency to trust others, valuing social harmony, and an ease of getting along with people. Agreeable people tend to be optimistic about others, are willing to compromise to get along, and are helpful.
- High: interested in people, sympathizes with others’ feelings, soft-hearted, takes time for others, empathetic, helps others feel at ease.
- Low: Not interested in people, insulting, unconcerned for others.
This involves experiencing negative emotions, emotional instability, low tolerance for negative stimuli and stress, and a tendency to view even minor setbacks and difficulties are insurmountable.
- High: Easily irritated, stressed, and upset, tendency to suffer mood swings, nervous/anxious
- Low: Relaxed, happy, calm.
These five personality traits define who your team members are and how they will react to each other. You do need people with each of the traits, though in different measures:
- Agreeable people tend to be better at communication and conflict resolution.
- Neurotic people tend to spot problems well in advance.
- Extroverted people tend to be good in social situations, meetings, and with clients.
- Conscientious people tend to be excellent at keeping to a schedule and meeting deadlines.
- People who are open to experiences tend to be creative, ingenious, and willing to do the new and unusual.
We’ve found that if you can build a team composed of people with varying levels of each of these five traits, you’ll have a more complete, well-rounded team!
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
This questionnaire is designed to help you figure out what personality type your team has. It’s based on a theory proposed by Carl Jung, though with updated information (the last update was in 1998). According to the MTBI, there are 16 different personality types:
1. Logician (INTP) – This personality type is innovative and creative, with an innate desire to learn more.
2. Debater (ENTP) – This personality type is curious, smart, and loves a good intellectual challenge.
3. Architect (INTJ) – This personality type is strategic and imaginative, and capable of coming up with plans on the go.
4. Commander (ENTJ) – This personality type is bold, strong-willed, and imaginative, capable of finding a path to a solution or making up on.
5. Mediator (INFP) – This personality type is altruistic and kind, often poetic, and eager to help if they think a cause is “good” or “just”.
6. Campaigner (ENFP) – This personality type is creative, enthusiastic, and thrives on social interaction. They can always find a reason to be happy.
7. Advocate (INFJ) – This personality type is inspiring and tireless, with a tendency toward idealism–albeit quietly.
8. Protagonist (ENFJ) – This personality type is charismatic and mesmerizing, and are often the leaders in their groups.
9. Defender (ISFJ) – This personality type is dedicated, warm, and protective, always ready to help and defend those closest to them.
10. Consul (ESFJ) – This personality type is eager to help, caring, and tend to be both highly sociable and popular.
11. Logistician (ISTJ) – This personality type is fact-minded and practical, but always reliable.
12. Executive (ESTJ) – This personality type is excellent at managing both people and things, making them excellent administrators.
13. Adventurer (ISFP) – This personality type is flexible, charming, and artistic, with a lust for adventure and new experiences.
14. Entertainer (ESFP) – This personality type is energetic, filled with enthusiasm and loves to be spontaneous. With them, life is always a thrill.
15. Virtuoso (ISTP) – This personality type is always looking to make bold new experiments, and master all manner of tools.
16. Entrepreneur (ESTP) – This personality type is energetic and smart, with an excellent sense of perception and a love for living on the edge.
When putting together your team, it’s a good idea to have each team member take the test to determine what their aptitudes are, and what type of personality they have. We believe that if you can build a team comprised of as many compatible, varied personality types as possible, you have a much better chance for success!
Both the Big Five and Myers-Briggs Type tests are effective options for proper team building personality types. Once you understand a bit more about your team personality types, you will be able to adjust the team makeup in order to increase your chances of success.
What do you think of these personality types? Which do you think most accurately describes you? Leave a comment below with any feedback, or tell us what type of personality you and why you make a good addition to any team…